Compile errors, such as syntax errors, are not affected by SET XACT_ABORT. The batch stops running when it gets to the statement that references the missing table and returns an error. Separate namespaces for functions and variables in POSIX shells Before I leave my company, should I delete software I wrote during my free time? BEGIN CATCH SELECT ERROR_NUMBER() AS ErrorNumber; END CATCH; GO A TRY block must be immediately followed by a CATCH block.TRY…CATCH constructs can be nested. have a peek here
SELECT 1/0; END TRY BEGIN CATCH SELECT ERROR_NUMBER() AS ErrorNumber ,ERROR_SEVERITY() AS ErrorSeverity ,ERROR_STATE() AS ErrorState ,ERROR_PROCEDURE() AS ErrorProcedure ,ERROR_LINE() AS ErrorLine ,ERROR_MESSAGE() AS ErrorMessage; END CATCH; GO B. Here is how a CATCH handler should look like when you use error_handler_sp: BEGIN CATCH IF @@trancount > 0 ROLLBACK TRANSACTION EXEC error_handler_sp RETURN 55555 END CATCH Let's try some test Yes No Additional feedback? 1500 characters remaining Submit Skip this Thank you! Microsoft Customer Support Microsoft Community Forums United States (English) Sign in Home Library Wiki Learn Gallery Downloads Support Forums Blogs We’re sorry. http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1749719/sql-server-transactions-roll-back-on-error
Source: https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms175976.aspx BEGIN TRANSACTION; BEGIN TRY -- your code -- END TRY BEGIN CATCH SELECT ERROR_NUMBER() AS ErrorNumber ,ERROR_SEVERITY() AS ErrorSeverity ,ERROR_STATE() AS ErrorState ,ERROR_PROCEDURE() AS ErrorProcedure ,ERROR_LINE() AS ErrorLine ,ERROR_MESSAGE() It includes the following example that I think makes it clear and includes the frequently overlooked @@trancount which is needed for reliable nested transactions PRINT 'BEFORE TRY' BEGIN TRY BEGIN TRAN If there is an active transaction you will get an error message - but a completely different one from the original. At this point you might be saying to yourself: he must be pulling my legs, did Microsoft really call the command ;THROW?
This documentation is archived and is not being maintained. If your procedure does not perform any updates or only has a single INSERT/UPDATE/DELETE/MERGE statement, you typically don't have an explicit transaction at all. For example, it adds a lot of code in the script, and it would be improved if the developer can "hide" it to place statements doing "real" processing in the forefront. Raise Error Sql In both cases, ROLLBACK TRANSACTION decrements the @@TRANCOUNT system function to 0.
If not, the transaction is committed. Sql Server Stored Procedure Error Handling Best Practices IF (XACT_STATE()) = -1 BEGIN PRINT N'The transaction is in an uncommittable state. ' + 'Rolling back transaction.' ROLLBACK TRANSACTION; END; -- Test whether the transaction is active and valid. Typically, your CATCH rolls back any open transaction and reraises the error, so that the calling client program understand that something went wrong. That is, you settle on something short and simple and then use it all over the place without giving it much thinking.
transaction_name must conform to the rules for identifiers, but only the first 32 characters of the transaction name are used. Continued This article is reproduced from the June 2000 issue of Microsoft SQL Server Professional. Sql Server Error Handling The default value of @ErrorLogID is 0. Error Handling In Sql Server 2012 SELECT * FROM dbo.ErrorLog WHERE ErrorLogID = @ErrorLogID; GO Nested Error-handling ExampleThe following example shows using nested TRY…CATCH constructs.
IF OBJECT_ID (N'usp_GetErrorInfo', N'P') IS NOT NULL DROP PROCEDURE usp_GetErrorInfo; GO -- Create procedure to retrieve error information. http://u2commerce.com/sql-server/transaction-rollback-if-error.html Derogatory term for a nobleman Partial sum of the harmonic series between two consecutive fibonacci numbers How to measure Cycles per Byte of an Algorithm? Separate namespaces for functions and variables in POSIX shells Stainless Steel Fasteners Is SprintAir listed on any flight search engines? Yes No Additional feedback? 1500 characters remaining Submit Skip this Thank you! Set Xact_abort
IF OBJECT_ID ( 'usp_GetErrorInfo', 'P' ) IS NOT NULL DROP PROCEDURE usp_GetErrorInfo; GO -- Create procedure to retrieve error information. That is one of the big advantages of TRY/CATCH is we can get away from the pasta of variables and checking them all over the place. –Sean Lange Aug 5 '14 Why were Navajo code talkers used during WW2? Check This Out No part of this article may be used or reproduced in any fashion (except in brief quotations used in critical articles and reviews) without prior consent of Pinnacle Publishing, Inc.
RAISERROR that has a severity 10 or lower returns an informational message to the calling batch or application without invoking a CATCH block. Try Catch Sql SQL Server 2000 Error Handling in T-SQL: From Casual to Religious Dejan Sunderic Most of us would agree that experienced programmers tend to be more adept at (and perhaps even more Your CATCH handler becomes as simple as this: BEGIN CATCH IF @@trancount > 0 ROLLBACK TRANSACTION ;THROW RETURN 55555 END CATCH The nice thing with ;THROW is that it reraises the
asked 7 years ago viewed 32518 times active 7 years ago Get the weekly newsletter! Output a googol copies of a string Is the ability to finish a wizard early a good idea? Error information provided by the TRY…CATCH error functions can be captured in the RAISERROR message, including the original error number; however, the error number for RAISERROR must be >= 50000. Sql @@trancount The basic idea is that all SQL statements inside a stored procedure should be covered with error-handling code.
The XACT_STATE function determines whether the transaction should be committed or rolled back. The error will be handled by the CATCH block, which uses a stored procedure to return error information. You should never have any code after END CATCH for the outermost TRY-CATCH of your procedure. IF (ERROR_NUMBER() = 1205) SET @retry = @retry - 1; ELSE SET @retry = -1; -- Print error information.
His specialty is development and project management of B2B eCommerce, OLTP, and decision-support systems. The error functions will return NULL if called outside the scope of a CATCH block. For example, you do this by placing the code in a stored procedure or by executing a dynamic Transact-SQL statement using sp_executesql.