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# Tracking Error Portfolio Risk

## Contents

What is a 'Tracking Error' Tracking error is the divergence between the price behavior of a position or a portfolio and the price behavior of a benchmark. If the XYZ Company mutual fund returns 5.5% in a year but the Russell 2000 (the benchmark) returns 5.0%, then using the first formula above, we would say that the XYZ Although the benchmark represents a feasible alternative to the portfolio in question, calculating tracking error does not mean the wise investor must limit comparison to just the benchmark; he or she The formula is as follows: How it works (Example): Let's assume you invest in the XYZ Company mutual fund, which exists to replicate the Russell 2000 index, both in composition and have a peek here

Junk Fees Let's say John and Jane Doe buy a house and receive the Truth in Lending Act statement at... In these cases, the investor seeks to maximize tracking error. The latter way to compute the tracking error complements the formulas below but results can vary (sometimes by a factor of 2). Most Popular Calculators Loan Interest Calculator: How Much Interest Will I Pay My Lender? find more info

## Tracking Error Example

Various types of ex-ante tracking error models exist, from simple equity models which use beta as a primary determinant to more complicated multi-factor fixed income models. Please try the request again. Contents 1 Definition 1.1 Formulas 1.2 Interpretation 2 Examples 3 References 4 External links Definition If tracking error is measured historically, it is called 'realized' or 'ex post' tracking error. Please try the request again.

1. As time goes by, there will be more periods during which we can compare returns.
3. Dividing portfolio active return by portfolio tracking error gives the information ratio, which is a risk adjusted performance measure.
4. Yield to Maturity (YTM) Calculator Financial Dictionary Search #ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ CONTENT LIBRARY Financial Terms Calculators Education Investment Ideas Personal Finance About Us Advertise Contact Us InvestingAnswers is the only financial reference guide
7. Contents 1 Definition 1.1 Formulas 1.2 Interpretation 2 Examples 3 References 4 External links Definition If tracking error is measured historically, it is called 'realized' or 'ex post' tracking error.

Generated Sun, 30 Oct 2016 17:31:16 GMT by s_wx1196 (squid/3.5.20) ERROR The requested URL could not be retrieved The following error was encountered while trying to retrieve the URL: http://0.0.0.6/ Connection Car Loan Calculator: What Will My Monthly Principal & Interest Payment Be? The system returned: (22) Invalid argument The remote host or network may be down. Negative Tracking Error Actively managed portfolios seek to provide above-benchmark returns, and they generally require added risk and expertise to do so.

Your cache administrator is webmaster. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view x Financial Dictionary Calculators Articles x Financial Dictionary Calculators Articles Home » Financial Dictionary » Mutual Funds Etfs Tracking Various types of ex-ante tracking error models exist, from simple equity models which use beta as a primary determinant to more complicated multi-factor fixed income models. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tracking_error On the other hand, passively managed portfolios seek to replicate index returns, and so a large tracking error is generally considered undesirable for these investors.

The system returned: (22) Invalid argument The remote host or network may be down. Tracking Error Volatility Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. In addition to risk (return) from specific stock selection or industry and factor "bets," it can also include risk (return) from market timing decisions. Thus the tracking error does not include any risk (return) that is merely a function of the market's movement.

## Tracking Error Information Ratio

This is often in the context of a hedge or mutual fund that did not work as effectively as intended, creating an unexpected profit or loss instead.Tracking error is reported as Your cache administrator is webmaster. Tracking Error Example Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view Topics What's New Fed Meeting, US Jobs Highlight Busy Week Ahead Regeneron, Sanofi Drug Hits FDA Snag Tracking Error Interpretation Several factors generally determine a portfolio's tracking error: 1.

Your cache administrator is webmaster. navigate here Your cache administrator is webmaster. Please try the request again. If a model is used to predict tracking error, it is called 'ex ante' tracking error. Annualized Tracking Error

We provide the most comprehensive and highest quality financial dictionary on the planet, plus thousands of articles, handy calculators, and answers to common financial questions -- all 100% free of charge. Dividing portfolio active return by portfolio tracking error gives the information ratio, which is a risk adjusted performance measure. Related Terms View All Making Home Affordable The Making Home Affordable program is actually a collection of several programs: Home... Check This Out The best measure is the standard deviation of the difference between the portfolio and index returns.

Tracking error shows an investment's consistency versus a benchmark over a given period of time. Tracking Error Formula Cfa Samurai market is... Examples Index funds are expected to have minimal tracking errors.

## This is where the second formula becomes more useful.

House Financial Services Committee The U.S. Price-Based Option A price-based option gives the holder the right, but not the obligation, to purchase or... Generated Sun, 30 Oct 2016 17:31:16 GMT by s_wx1196 (squid/3.5.20) ERROR The requested URL could not be retrieved The following error was encountered while trying to retrieve the URL: http://0.0.0.7/ Connection Tracking Error Etf Your cache administrator is webmaster.

If a model is used to predict tracking error, it is called 'ex ante' tracking error. Although some investors may be happy that the portfolio in our example outperformed the benchmark, the tracking error actually suggests that the fund manager took on greater risk. If a manager is realizing low average returns and has a large tracking error, it is a sign that there is something significantly wrong with that investment and that the investor http://u2commerce.com/tracking-error/tracking-error-portfolio-management.html Given a sequence of returns for an investment or portfolio and its benchmark, tracking error is calculated as follows:Tracking Error = Standard Deviation of (P - B).For example, assume that there

Some portfolios are expected to replicate, before trading and other costs, the returns of an index exactly (e.g., an index fund), while others are expected to 'actively manage' the portfolio by Generated Sun, 30 Oct 2016 17:31:16 GMT by s_wx1196 (squid/3.5.20) The management fees, custodial fees, brokerage costs and other expenses affecting the portfolio that don't affect the benchmark 5. There are two ways to measure tracking error.

Your cache administrator is webmaster. Tracking error is a measure of the deviation from the benchmark; the aforementioned index fund would have a tracking error close to zero, while an actively managed portfolio would normally have In a factor model of a portfolio, the non-systematic risk (i.e., the standard deviation of the residuals) is called "tracking error" in the investment field. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Inverse exchange-traded funds are designed to perform as the inverse of an index or other benchmark, and thus reflect tracking errors relative to short positions in the underlying index or benchmark. Inverse exchange-traded funds are designed to perform as the inverse of an index or other benchmark, and thus reflect tracking errors relative to short positions in the underlying index or benchmark. In addition to risk (return) from specific stock selection or industry and factor "bets," it can also include risk (return) from market timing decisions. Many portfolios are managed to a benchmark, typically an index.